Dr. William Reid Clanny
Born: 1776 in Bangor, County Down/Ireland
Died: 1850, January 10., near Sunderland/Durham
Clanny studied medcine in Edinburgh/Scotland. He worked first as an Assistant Surgeon in the Royal Navyand later as a doctor in Bishop Wearmouth near Sunderland/England.
1811: Clanny made first trials to develope a safe lamp.
1813, May 20.: Clanny desribes his first construction in a paper "On the means of procuring a steady light in coal mines without danger of explosion"
for the Royal Philosophical Society. It was the so-called "bellows"-lamp, a tin lantern with glass window, candle and bellow.
The in- and outlet air passed water barriers by using the hand bellows. The waste gas passed a tin chimney. The "bellows" lamp found no practical application.
Clanny's first lamp ("bellows"-lamp), Clanny's second lamp ("blast"-lamp), Clanny's third lamp ("steam"-lamp).
1815, October 16.: Clanny's second lamp, the "blast"-lamp, was tested in the upcast shaft on the Herrington Mill Colliery.
1815, November 20.: The "steam"-lamp, Clanny's third lamp, was tested first time underground. The "steam"-lamp fitted with oil fuel instead candle,
was used 1816 in several collieries (Herrington Mill, Whitefield Colliery, Engine Colliery, Lady Frances Vane's Mine).
1816, May 31.: Clanny gets for his "steam"-lamp an award from the Royal Society of Arts, a silver medal.
1817, May 27.: The Royal Society of Arts honours Clanny with a gold medal.
~1841: Introduction of Clanny's sixth lamp, the typical "Clanny"-lamp, with glas cylinder around the flame and air supply through wire gauze above the glass.
1848: Public testimonial for"the constructor of the very first safety lamp that was ever invented". The Athenaeum/Sunderland presented 100 Sovereigns to him. Submitted by:Roy Gregory
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