Dr. William Reid Clanny

Born: 1776 in Bangor, County Down/Ireland

Died: 1850, January 10., near Sunderland/Durham

Clanny studied medcine in Edinburgh/Scotland. He worked first as an Assistant Surgeon in the Royal Navy

and later as a doctor in Bishop Wearmouth near Sunderland/England.

1811: Clanny made first trials to develope a safe lamp.

1813, May 20.: Clanny desribes his first construction in a paper "On the means of procuring a steady light in coal mines without danger of explosion"

for the Royal Philosophical Society. It was the so-called "bellows"-lamp, a tin lantern with glass window, candle and bellow.

The in- and outlet air passed water barriers by using the hand bellows. The waste gas passed a tin chimney. The "bellows" lamp found no practical application.

Clanny's first lamp ("bellows"-lamp), Clanny's second lamp ("blast"-lamp), Clanny's third lamp ("steam"-lamp).

1815, October 16.: Clanny's second lamp, the "blast"-lamp, was tested in the upcast shaft on the Herrington Mill Colliery.

1815, November 20.: The "steam"-lamp, Clanny's third lamp, was tested first time underground. The "steam"-lamp fitted with oil fuel instead candle,

was used 1816 in several collieries (Herrington Mill, Whitefield Colliery, Engine Colliery, Lady Frances Vane's Mine).

1816, May 31.: Clanny gets for his "steam"-lamp an award from the Royal Society of Arts, a silver medal.

1817, May 27.: The Royal Society of Arts honours Clanny with a gold medal.

~1841: Introduction of Clanny's sixth lamp, the typical "Clanny"-lamp, with glas cylinder around the flame and air supply through wire gauze above the glass.

1848: Public testimonial for "the constructor of the very first safety lamp that was ever invented". The Athenaeum/Sunderland presented 100 Sovereigns to him.

Submitted by:Roy Gregory

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